The prescription drug Valium may be dangerous and addictive if abused, and long-term misuse may cause addiction. Using Valium correctly, may only cause temporary side effects and can even be beneficial. However, prescription drug abuse poses a very real danger that needs treatment to avoid harm or even death.
The sedative-hypnotic, diazepam Valium is commonly prescribed to treat insomnia and anxiety. The intoxicating effect appeals to users seeking to get high, especially to those recovering from depression.
When medication turns to abuse
Valium abuse may become harmful when taken in large quantities and over an extended period. A sign of addiction may be if the patient takes higher, and more frequent, doses than prescribed. Another sign of abuse is the consumption through other means than digestion, such as injection and snorting.
Valium causes a chemical dependency, and may develop quite quickly. There are some severe consequences and potential threats connected with Valium prescription drug abuse, both long and short-term.
The user experiences a high due to the reduction of activity in the nervous system, and the feeling of intoxication includes euphoria and drunkenness. Unfortunately, the high may crash down into a comedown and cause withdrawal symptoms. These may include anxiety, stomach cramps, fever and even seizures.
These immense, adverse effects may cause the user to take even more Valium, thus maintaining a vicious circle that only gets worse. The body will grow resistant to doses of over time, requiring the Valium user to take higher and higher doses, increasing the risk of addiction, serious health threats, both physically and mentally, and even potentially fatal overdoses.
Long-term abuse may cause serious health dangers, including heart attack, difficulty with breathing, hallucination, and memory loss. As with other drugs, addiction may interfere with social life, family, work and school. The immense intoxication may also lead to potentially dangerous accidents.
Valium abuse may cause greater anxiety than the original anxiety. Addicts have an increased risk of developing depression, psychotic, and aggressive behavior. It may also be a pathway to further, illicit drug abuse. When the addict discovers the prescription is not enough anymore, they may potentially seek drugs by illegal means.
The Road Ahead
As the withdrawal symptoms may be immense and potentially dangerous, Valium abusers usually complete a detoxification process under the care of medically trained staff. It isn’t only addicts that may experience withdrawal. Anyone taking the substance may experience the symptoms. In which case, reduction and removal of the drug should be carefully monitored.
Patients may either choose a hospital or a rehabilitation center that offers supervised detox. After the safe elimination of the substance from the body, the patient may start planning for a sober life. Usually, treatment of some form is required, such as treatment at either inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation centers. Some may well benefit additionally from group therapy and support groups.
Adequate aftercare is often highly recommended, either at the rehab center or by support groups. Regardless of which path the patient chooses on their road to sobriety, the patients should take care to choose the therapy or treatment best suited their needs.